It is no surprise that clay is the most commonly used raw material in a settlement established in the heart of the Çarşamba River valley, which once contained a stupendous river. Indeed, clay was the raw material for a wide range of products, from pottery to clay balls, from figurines to seals and wall reliefs.

So, did Çatalhöyük people use clay in its original form or did they add extra ingredients depending on its function? While they were used clay balls for cooking in the early phases, what might have happened that led them to produce large cooking pots? Answers to all these questions are being sought in this lab.